Meeting Report from the Genomic Standards Consortium (GSC) Workshop 8
© The Author(s) 2010
Published: 30 August 2010
This report summarizes the proceedings of the 8th meeting of the Genomic Standards Consortium held at the Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute in Walnut Creek, CA, USA on September 9–11, 2009. This three-day workshop marked the maturing of Genomic Standards Consortium from an informal gathering of researchers interested in developing standards in the field of genomic and metagenomics to an established community with a defined governance mechanism, its own open access journal, and a family of established standards for describing genomes, metagenomes and marker studies (i.e. ribosomal RNA gene surveys). There will be increased efforts within the GSC to reach out to the wider scientific community via a range of new projects. Further information about the GSC and its activities can be found at http://gensc.org/.
The Genomic Standards Consortium (GSC) is an international working body with the mission of working towards richer descriptions of our collection of genomes and metagenomes through the development of standards and tools for supporting compliance and exchange of contextual information . The GSC has over 100 members spread across the major bioinformatics and genome sequencing centers in the world. We are now in an era of “mega-sequencing” projects that include funded projects like the Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea (GEBA) project  and the Human Microbiome Project , with many more visionary projects on the horizon. Data generated by these projects hold the promise of unparalleled insights into fundamental questions across a range of fields including evolution, ecology, environment biology, health and medicine. Because the pace of genomic and metagenomic sequencing projects is increasing so rapidly , the role of standards has taken on a central role in scientific progress and data sharing, even more so given the widespread application of ultra-high-throughput methods. In this context, the GSC has been organizing workshops on a regular basis during which participants have the opportunity to advance its core projects, propose new ones and establish linkages between the GSC and relevant scientific projects.
This report summarizes the proceedings of the 8th workshop of the GSC held September 9–11, 2009 at the DOE Joint Genome Institute in Walnut Creek, CA, United States.
The workshop was recorded on video by JGI and all talks are accessible via SciVee at URL http://www.scivee.tv/node/12786. A meeting report that provides further details on the meeting has appeared in the JGI newsletter The Primer . Aspects of the meeting were also been covered in the press .
The GSC 8 Workshop
The goal of the workshop was to review progress on all GSC projects and activities, to launch the Minimal Information about an ENvironmental Sequence (MIENS) specification, and to revisit in more detail the growing need for new standards for generating and comparing genomic and metagenomic annotations. The main meeting was preceded by an ISA-Tab/GCDML alignment Workshop attending by about 20 participants. This meeting led to an expanded and refined set of requirements for the vision of the GSC Genome Catalogue . The proposal was put forward that such a catalogue could be built upon a collaborative infrastructure that combined the GOLD database [7,8] the ISA Infrastructure  to support integration of multi-omic metadata and the INSDC as the final archive of all data. A full description of these requirements was added to the GSC wiki for further discussion.
The first session of the main meeting included updates on all of the GSC core projects and set the stage for the rest of the workshop. Topics of the presentations included the GSC eJournal Standards in Genomic Sciences, the launch of the National Science Foundation Research Coordination Network RCN4GSC (2009–2013), GSC Governance, the GSC family of metadata standards: MIGS/MIMS/MIENS (including curation efforts, a vision for a Genomes and Metagenomes (GEM) Catalogue and the latest MIENS specification and submission of metadata to INSDC) and ideas for a GSC Global Genome Census. A highlight was the decision of the Finishing standards group represented by Patrick Chain (DOE JGI) to work under the umbrella of the GSC as the authoritative community with the goal of promoting standards in this domain .
The second session of the day was dedicated to flash talks from adopters of GSC standards and future mega sequencing projects. These included talks from representatives of ‘The Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea’ (GEBA), ‘The Human Microbiome Project’ (HMP), ‘The Terragenome Initiative’ and ‘The Tara-Oceans Project’. During his talk, the leader of the HMP, George Weinstock, urged the GSC to reach out and promote the adoption of the GSC standards by other communities. One way to help achieve this was agreed during discussions and involves working closely with major projects such as the HMP and The Terragenome Initiative.
In the next session, a roadmap was presented for the Metagenomics, Metadata and MetaAnalysis, Models and MetaInfrastructure (M5) initiative. This working group was established during the GSC Special Interest Group meeting at the ISMB meeting in Stockholm in June 2009  to address the computational needs of the large scale sequencing projects. Further discussions during the course of the meeting led to agreements to work on metagenomic data exchange between MG-RAST  and IMG , the development of a common workflow language, and a data-file exchange standard.
The finalization of the MIENS checklist was another major goal of the workshop. This was achieved during the course of the meeting in breakout sessions and version 2.1 of the MIGS/MIMS/MIENS checklist was presented at the end of day 2.
Day two included three sessions and started with the consideration of genomic annotations “Unifying concepts in genomic annotation: from SOPs to standards”. This launched a working group to take forward a minimum information checklist for genome annotations and for gene calling to be led by Nikos Kyrpides (DOE JGI). In addition, the idea of consensus annotation was proposed and discussed and has since been taken forward by Owen White (University of Maryland) as the Critical Assessment of Functional Annotation Experiment (CAFAE). This was followed by breakout sessions on MIENS and M5 and a formal session dedicated to the vision of the SIGS journal.
Day three started with a session that included outreach to other communities and including introductions to the International Society for Biocuration by Pascale Gaudet (Northwestern) and the BioSharing initiative by Susanna Sansone (EBI). The final session of the meeting was dedicated to progressing the GSC roadmap, wrapping up the discussions and listing actions.
The main outcomes of the meeting are listed below and represent further steps in the maturation of the GSC from an informal gathering of scientists to a more formal ‘voice’ for the genomics and metagenomics community.
RCN4GSC launched with first face-to-face meeting of Steering Committee
Metagenomics, Metadata, MetaAnalysis, Models and MetaInfrastructure (M5) initiative
Microbial Earth initiative
Development of a new vision for the GSC Genome Catalogue
MIGS/MIMS/MIENS version 2.1 and incorporation of these standards into the INSDC databases
Environmental Markup Language (EML) will integrate GCDML
January 4, 2010: Workshop at the Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing in Hawaii
March 28–30, 2010: 9th Genomic Standards Consortium Workshop at the J. Craig Venter Institute with open registration
Submission of a proposal for an ISMB M3/BioSharing Special Interest Group meeting in Boston 2010 July 9–10.
GSC Board, SIGS Editorial Board, RCN Steering Committee formed and now active
New working groups
Minimum information about a genome annotation and Gene Calling
This was the second GSC meeting to be held in the US and the first to be held at a major sequencing center. It was the first to be recorded as video and the first to be covered by the press. The success of this meeting set the stage for the subsequent GSC 9 which was held at the JCVI in April 2009. Outcomes included further engagement with a range of related communities and significant progress on GSC core projects.
The authors acknowledge the invaluable contributions of all of the workshop participants. We gratefully acknowledge the support from the National Science Foundation grant RCN4GSC, DBI-0840989. LH has also been supported in part by NSF IIS 0844419: SGER for Utility and Usability of Text Mining for Biological Curation. We offer many thanks to our hosts at the DOE Joint Genome Institute. Peter Sterk is funded by NERC grant (NE/D01252X/1) to Dawn Field. Standards in Genomic Sciences has been funded through a grant from the Michigan State University Foundation.
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